Operational Procedures including Take-off and Landing Techniques in snow
Additionally for fixed wing operators
Information on new methods, procedures and/or techniques for de-icing and/or anti-icing
Types of fluid and/or equipment
Instruction on how to recognize, from weather reports or forecasts that are available before flight commences or during flight, the risks of encountering icing conditions along the planned route and on how to modify, as necessary, the departure and in-flight routes or profiles;
Instruction on the operational and performance limitations or margins;
The use of in-flight ice detection, anti-icing and de-icing systems in both normal and abnormal operation;
and Instruction on the differing intensities and forms of ice accretion and the consequent action which should be taken Awareness of the conditions likely to produce surface contamination;
The need to inform the flight crew of significant ice accretion.
Helicopter operations may take place under difficult conditions such as cold weather. This can have an impact on the helicopter, the pilot and the safety of the operation. In order to perform a safe operation all involved should be aware of the effects of cold weather.